Nanoparticles Doped Biofuel
Research is extensively carried out by researchers at the Centre to develop and use nanoparticles in biodiesel fuel for performance enhancement and emission reduction.
Ethanol & Higher Alcohols
The students are also carrying out exhaustive studies to use higher alcohols such as butanol, octanol, decanol etc in Spark and Compression Ignition engines in addition to the ethanol. The work on binary and ternary fuel blends consisting of diesel, biodiesel and higher alcohols are actively pursued. The development and use of surfactants for making stable emulsions are also a key area of research.
Heterogeneous and Nano Catalysts
Most of the biofuel production worldwide has been done using homogeneous catalysts which have some inherent limitations. The Centre is developing heterogeneous and nanocatalysts for accelerating the reaction and to achieve higher biofuel yield.
A biomass gasifier has also been commissioned at the Centre for producing power from the biomass collected on the campus.
The biodiesel produced from a variety of vegetable oils or animal fat has some deterrents and the researchers at the Centre are now working on producing green diesel using hydrotreating of solid and liquid biomass, which shall have better properties than biodiesel.
Compressed Air Vehicle
The students at the Centre have developed a Compressed Air Engine and now they are working on commercialization of the technology along with the development of a vehicle which could run on compressed air.
Solar Powered Multi-Utility Vehicle
The students are building solar-powered multi-utility vehicle equipped with the dual-axis solar tracker. The main objective of this project is to develop vehicles with zero emissions.
Dual Fuel Engines
Dual fuel engines are recent advancements in the engine technology wherein, two fuels are used simultaneously for performance enhancement and emission reduction. The Centre has to its credit a dual engine which has been developed by students.
Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) engine is the latest technology which results in a reduction in peak temperature of the combustion chamber with a view of NOx reduction. The technology helps in lean combustion which results in fuel economy.
NOx Reduction Using Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR)
The center is developing SCR technology keeping in view of upcoming Euro VI norms. SCR is an afterburning technique which uses various catalysts for significant NOx reduction along with other emissions.
Storage Stability of Biodiesel
The students at the center are working on the evaluation of different additives for enhancing the oxidation and long-term storage stability. Studies are also in progress to identify catalyst which can improve cold flow property of biodiesel.
Research on next-gen biofuels is extensively carried at the Centre and a Photo-bioreactor has already been developed. The faculty and the students are carrying out research to develop improved oil extraction technology from algae and are also trying to produce H2 from algal biomass. The initial work on the development of fungi biofuels has also been carried at the Centre.